Ukwaziswa komgca wemveliso yezichumiso eziphilayo

Inkcazo emfutshane 

Uhlobo lweGroove Composting Turner Umatshini ngowona matshini wokucoca iarobic osetyenziswa kakhulu kunye nezixhobo zokuguqula umgquba. Kubandakanya ishelufu yomjelo, umkhondo wokuhamba, isixhobo sokuqokelela amandla, ukujika indawo kunye nokudlulisela isixhobo (ikakhulu esetyenziselwa umsebenzi weetanki ezininzi). Isabelo esisebenzayo somatshini wokujika umgquba sisebenzisa ukuhanjiswa kwe-roller okuqhubela phambili, okunokuphakanyiswa kwaye kunganyusi. Uhlobo oluphakanyiswayo lusetyenziswa ikakhulu kwimeko yokusebenza ngobubanzi obujikayo obungagqithanga kwi-5 yeemitha kunye nobunzulu bokujika obungagqithi kwi-1.3 yeemitha.

Iinkcukacha Product

Inkqubo yoyilo kunye nokuveliswa komgca wemveliso yezichumiso eziphilayo zonke. Izixhobo zomgca wokuvelisa ikakhulu zibandakanya umxube we-axis ezimbini, i-granulator entsha yesichumisi, isomisi esomileyo, i-roller cooler, umatshini we-roller sieve, i-crusher ye-chain ethe nkqo, ibhande lokuhambisa, umatshini wokupakisha ngokuzenzekelayo kunye nezinye izixhobo ezincedisayo.

Izichumisi zendalo zingenziwa ngentsalela yemethane, inkunkuma yezolimo, imfuyo kunye nomgquba weenkukhu kunye nenkunkuma kamasipala. Ezi nkunkuma zezinto eziphilayo zifuna ukwenziwa kwakhona ngaphambi kokuba ziguqulwe zibe zizichumiso zezinto eziphilayo ezithengiswayo. Utyalo-mali ekuguquleni inkunkuma ibe bubutyebi kufanelekile.

Umgca wemveliso yezichumiso zezinto eziphilayo ilungele:

-Ukuveliswa kwesichumiso se-organic organic

-Ukuveliswa kwesichumiso se-cow organic

-Ukuveliswa kwesichumiso se-pig

-Ukwenziwa kwenkukhu kunye nedada umgquba wezichumiso

-Imveliso yegusha yomgquba yokuvelisa isichumisi

-Ukuveliswa kwesichumiso sendalo emva konyango lwenkunkuma kamasipala.

Ukusetyenziswa koMatshini weGroove Type Composting Turner

1. Isetyenziselwa ukubila nokususa amanzi kwizityalo zezichumiso zendalo, izityalo zezichumisi ezihlanganisiweyo, iifektri zenkunkuma, iifama zokulima kunye namasimi amakhowa.

2. Ilungele ukuvundiswa kwe-aerobic, inokusetyenziswa ngokudibeneyo namagumbi okubila elanga, iitanki zokuvumba kunye neeshift.

3. Iimveliso ezifunyenwe kubushushu obuphezulu be-aerobic ferment zingasetyenziselwa ukuphucula umhlaba, ukutyala igadi, ikhava yokugcwalisa umhlaba, njl.

Izinto eziphambili kulawulo lokuvuthwa komgquba

Ummiselo we-carbon-nitrogen ratio (C / N)
I-C / N efanelekileyo yokubola kwezinto eziphilayo ngezinto eziphilayo ezimalunga ne-25: 1.

2. Ulawulo lwamanzi
Ukucoca amanzi kumgquba kwimveliso eyiyo kulawulwa ngama-50% ~ 65%.

3. Ukulawulwa komoya womgquba
Ukuhanjiswa kweoksijini yento ebalulekileyo kwimpumelelo yomgquba. Kukholelwa ngokubanzi ukuba ioksijini kwimfumba ilungele i-8% ~ 18%.

4. Ulawulo lobushushu
Ubushushu yinto ebalulekileyo echaphazela ukusebenza ngokugudileyo kweentsholongwane zomgquba. Iqondo lobushushu lokuvunda lomgquba lobushushu obuphezulu ngama-50-65 degrees C, eyeyona ndlela isetyenziswa ngoku.

5. Ulawulo lweetyuwa (PH)
I-PH yinto ebalulekileyo echaphazela ukukhula kwamagciwane. I-PH yomxube womgquba kufuneka ibengu-6-9.

6. Ulawulo olunukayo
Okwangoku, ezinye ii-microorganisms zisetyenziselwa ukunciphisa.

Izinto zokwenza imveliso ziyafumaneka kwimveliso yezichumiso eziphilayo

1, umgquba wezilwanyana: umgquba wenkukhu, umgquba wehagu, umgquba weegusha, umgquba weenkomo, umgquba wehashe, umgquba womvundla, njl.

2. Inkunkuma yemizi-mveliso: iidiliya, iviniga slag, intsalela yecassava, intsalela yeswekile, inkunkuma ye-biogas, intsalela yoboya, njl.

3. Inkunkuma yezolimo: umququ wezityalo, umgubo weembotyi zesoya, umgubo wekotoni, njl.

4. Inkunkuma yasekhaya: inkunkuma yasekhitshini

5. Udaka: Udaka lwasedolophini, udaka lomlambo, udaka lokucoca ulwelo, njl.

Itshati yokuhamba kwemigca yokuvelisa

Inkqubo esisiseko yemveliso yezichumiso eziphilayo kubandakanya: ukugaya izinto zokwenza imveliso → ukubila → ukuxuba izithako (ukuxubana nezinye izinto ze-organic-inorganic, i-NPK≥4%, into ephilayo ≥30%) → i-granulation → ukupakisha. Qaphela: le layini yemveliso yeyokujonga kuphela.

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Uncedo

Asinakho ukubonelela kuphela ngenkqubo yemveliso yezichumiso egqibeleleyo, kodwa ikwabonelela ngesixhobo esinye kwinkqubo ngokweemfuno zokwenyani.

1. Umgca wemveliso yezichumiso eziphilayo usebenzisa ubuchwepheshe obuphambili bemveliso, obunokugqibezela imveliso yezichumiso eziphilayo ngexesha.

2. Sebenzisa i-granulator entsha enelungelo elilodwa lomenzi elilodwa lesichumiso sezinto eziphilayo, elinamazinga aphezulu e-granulation kunye namandla e-particle aphezulu.

3. Izinto ezingafunekiyo eziveliswa sisichumiso semvelo zinokuba yinkunkuma yezolimo, imfuyo kunye nomgquba weenkukhu kunye nenkunkuma yasekhaya yasezidolophini, kwaye izinto eziluhlaza ziyakwazi ukuziqhelanisa.

Ukusebenza okuzinzileyo, ukumelana nokubola, ukunxiba ukuxhathisa, ukusetyenziswa kwamandla aphantsi, ubomi obude benkonzo, ulondolozo olufanelekileyo kunye nokusebenza, njl.

5. Ukusebenza okuphezulu, izibonelelo ezilungileyo zoqoqosho, izinto ezincinci kunye nolawulo kwakhona.

6. Ukucwangciswa kwemigca yokuvelisa kunye nemveliso inokuhlengahlengiswa ngokweemfuno zabathengi.

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Umgaqo wokuSebenza

Izixhobo zokuvelisa isichumiso se-organic zibandakanya izixhobo zokuvundisa, umxube we-axis kabini, umatshini omtsha we-organic granulation, i-roller dryer, isigubhu esipholileyo, umatshini wokuhlola igubu, isilo, umatshini wokupakisha ngokuzenzekelayo, isityumzi setyathisi ethe nkqo, ibhanti yokuhambisa, njl.

Inkqubo yemveliso yezichumiso eziphilayo:

1) inkqubo yokubila

Uhlobo lwesomelelo sesomisi sesona sixhobo sokusetyenziswa sisetyenziswa kakhulu. Isitaki esine-grooved siqulathe itanki yokubila, umkhondo wokuhamba, inkqubo yamandla, isixhobo sokufuduka kunye nenkqubo yeqashiso. Inxalenye yokubhukuqa iqhutywa ngabaqengqeleki abaphambili. I-Hydraulic flipper inokunyuka kwaye iwele ngokukhululekileyo.

2) inkqubo yegranulation

Uhlobo olutsha lwegranulator yezichumiso zezinto eziphilayo isetyenziswa kakhulu kwi-organic granulation yezichumiso. It is a granulator okhethekileyo wezinto ezingafunekiyo ezinjengendle yezilwanyana, iziqhamo ezibolayo, amaxolo, imifuno eluhlaza, isichumiso esiluhlaza, isichumisi saselwandle, isichumisi sefama, inkunkuma ezintathu, ii-microorganisms kunye nezinye izinto zenkunkuma. Inezinto ezilungileyo zexabiso legranulation ephezulu, ukusebenza okuzinzileyo, izixhobo ezizinzileyo kunye nobomi benkonzo ende, kwaye lukhetho olufanelekileyo lokuvelisa isichumiso semvelo. Izindlu zalo matshini zamkela umbhobho ongenamthungo, ozinzileyo ngakumbi kwaye ungakhubazi. Idityaniswe noyilo lwedokodo lokhuseleko, ukusebenza komatshini kuzinzile. Amandla okunyanzelwa kwegranulator entsha yesichumiso se-organic iphezulu kunaleyo ye-granulator yediski kunye ne-drum granulator. Ubungakanani beengqungquthela bunokuhlengahlengiswa ngokweemfuno zabathengi. I-granulator ifanelekileyo kakhulu kwi-granulation ngqo yenkunkuma emva kokuvumba, ukugcina inkqubo yokumisa kunye nokunciphisa kakhulu iindleko zokuvelisa.

3) inkqubo yokumisa nokupholisa

Umxholo wamasuntswana wokufuma emva kwe-granulation yi-granulator uphezulu, ke kufuneka umiswe ukuze uhlangane nomgangatho womxholo wamanzi. Isomisi sisetyenziselwa ukomisa amasuntswana ngomswakama othile kunye nobungakanani bamasuntswana kwimveliso yesichumiso somanyolo esidityanisiweyo. Ubushushu bamasuntswana emva kokumisa buphezulu kakhulu, kwaye kufuneka bupholiswe ukuthintela isichumisi ekuxinaneni. Ukupholisa kusetyenziselwa amasuntswana okupholisa emva kokumisa kwaye kusetyenziswa ngokudibanisa nesomisi esijikelezayo, esinokuphucula kakhulu ukusebenza kokupholisa, ukunciphisa amandla abasebenzi, ukonyusa isivuno, ukuqhubeka nokususa ukufuma kwamasuntswana kunye nokunciphisa ubushushu besichumiso.

4) inkqubo yokuhlola

Kwimveliso, ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukufana kwemveliso egqityiweyo, amasuntswana kufuneka ahlolwe ngaphambi kokupakishwa. Umatshini wokuqengqeleka kweRoller sisixhobo esiqhelekileyo sokuqhawula kwinkqubo yokuvelisa isichumisi esimbaxa kunye nesichumiso sendalo. Isetyenziselwa ukwahlula iimveliso ezigqityiweyo kunye nezinto ezingahambelaniyo kunye nokufezekisa ukuhlelwa kweemveliso ezigqityiweyo.

5) inkqubo yokupakisha

Emva kokuba kusebenze umatshini wokupakisha, i-gravity feeder iqala ukusebenza, ilayishe izinto kwi-hopper enobunzima, kwaye iyifaka engxoweni nge-hopper enesisindo. Xa ubunzima bufikelela kwixabiso elingagqibekanga, umxhasi womxhuzulane uyayeka ukusebenza. Umqhubi ususa izinto ezihlanganisiweyo okanye abeke ibhegi yokupakisha kwibhanti yokuhambisa kumatshini wokuthunga.